1998 Ph.D. in the Department of Physiology, Hadassah Medical School, and the Department of Cell and Animal Biology, Institute for Life Sciences, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. Doctoral dissertation: “The role of tissues, organelles, and membrane receptors in the cutaneous water evaporation cooling mechanism in the rock pigeon (Columba livia)”.
1997-2002 Research physiologist at the Israel Naval Medical Institute, Haifa.
Main research topics: a) Can heat acclimation provide protection against CNS oxygen toxicity? b) The effect of hyperoxia on energetic efficiency in the trained rat. c) Can high frequency sound promote the development of gas bubbles?
2002-2004 Post-doctoral position in the laboratory of Prof. Saul Schaefer, MD, PhD at the Division of Cardiovascular Research, University of California at Davis, USA. Main topics of research: a) Gender differences in cardiac mitochondrial function in a rat model. b) The effect of acute tobacco smoke exposure on mitochondrial permeability transition in the rat heart.
2004 – Research physiologist at the Israel Naval Medical Institute (INMI), Haifa. Main topics of research: a) The role of mitochondria in CNS oxygen toxicity. b) Preconditioning with hyperbaric oxygen as a means of protection against CNS oxygen toxicity. c) The role of the blood-brain barrier in CNS oxygen toxicity. d) The effect of ultrasound on the development of decompression sickness. e) Yo-yo diving: the infiltration of gas bubbles from the venous to the arterial side. f) Myelin injury following decompression in rats.
2009-2016 Head of the Research Department at the Israel Naval Medical Institute.
2016 – Senior lecturer at Hadassah Medical School, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem.
1999-2006 Lecturer on the course “Physiology and medicine of man in the sea:” at The Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences in Eilat, The Hebrew University, Israel.
2004-2008 Lecturer on the course “Man in the sea: physiology and medicine”, at the Department of Maritime Civilizations, Haifa University, Israel.
2004-2013 Lecturer on the course “Physiology and medicine of man in the sea” for the Israel Navy’s Naval Officers’ Class, Haifa University, Israel.
2009-2013 Director of the course “Physiology and medicine of man in the sea” for the Israel Navy’s Naval Officers’ Class, Haifa University, Israel.
2010 – Lecturer on the course “Diving Physiology” for third year students at the “Tsameret” Faculty of Military Medicine, Hadassah Medical School, Ein Kerem, Hebrew University, Jerusalem.
Ole Hyldegaard is medical director and consultant anesthetist at the Hyperbaric Unit at the University Hospital at Rigshospitalet Copenhagen at the department of Anesthesia- and Surgery, Center of Head- and orthopedics. He is associate clinical research professor at the Institute of Clinical Medicine at the University of Copenhagen. He is a Ph.D and DMSci in Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine and government approved Diving- and Hyperbaric Physician. He has authored, and co-authored 55 peer-reviewed publications, thesis’s, and book chapters on diving physiology, decompression sickness and hyperbaric medicine. He is president of the EUBS.
Director of the Sagol Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Research, Assaf-Harofeh Medical Center, Israel.
Director of Research & Development, Assaf-Harofeh Medical Center, Israel.
Professor at Sackler School of Medicine and the Sagol School of Neuroscience of Tel Aviv University.
Chairmen of the Israeli Society for Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine (ISDHM).
Prof. Shai Efrati is a faculty member at Sackler School of Medicine and the Sagol School of Neuroscience at Tel Aviv University. Additionally, he is the Chief Medical Director of the Sagol Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Research, at Assaf-Harofeh Medical Center, Israel. By combining both expertise Prof. Efrati initiated a research program focusing on the biological effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) on brain neuroplasticity (regeneration of damage brain tissue). In the first clinical studies it was demonstrated that HBOT can induce neuroplasticity among post Stroke patients and Traumatic Brain Injuries even years after the acute Insult. The important clinical results have led to fruitful ongoing cooperations, including multidiscipline teams focusing on the regenerative effects of hyperbaric oxygen on various types of brain injuries and pain syndromes.
Today, the Sagol center, under Prof. Efrati management, is one of the largest hyperbaric centers worldwide, treating more than 200 patients per day.
Prof. Efrati is also the Research & Development Medical Director of Assaf-Harofeh Medical Center, in affiliation with Tel-Aviv University.
Dr. Hadanny is the chief researcher and physician at the Sagol Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Research, Assaf Harofe Medical Center, Israel. His research focuses on the fields of Neuroscience, Hyperbaric medicine, Brain injury and rehabilitation, Mitochondrial dysfunction and Aging.
Amir is also a trained Neurosurgeon and currently the Chief Resident at Galil Medical Center.
Dr. Hadanny is a graduate of the Sackler Medical School, Tel Aviv University (2012). He is a PhD candidate (3rd Year) in Bioinformatics and Machine Learning, Bar Ilan University.
Professor of Physiology and Neurophysiology
1966 – 1969: B.Sc., Hebrew University, Dept. of Zoology. Majors: Zoology and Physiology.
1970 – 1971: M.Sc., Hebrew University, Dept of Zoology, Neurophysiology.
1972 – 1976: Ph.D., Hebrew University, Dept of Zoology, Neurophysiology.
1979: Certificate in Marine Medicine, Israeli Naval Hyperbaric Institute, Haifa.
1976 – 1978: Post-Doctoral Visiting Fellow, Laboratory of Biophysics, IRP, NINCDS, NIH, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA, USA,
1982 – 1983: Visiting Professor, Dept. of Anesthesia, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
1988 – 1990: Senior Associate, Dept. of Diving Medicine, Naval Medical Research Inst., Bethesda, MD, USA.
1993 – 2012: Professor, Dept. of Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.
2004 – 2005: Visiting Professor, Hyperbaric Medicine Unit, Christchurch, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Otago, New-Zealand.
2007 – 2008: Dean, Faculty of Science, University of Haifa, Israel
2011 – 2012: Visiting Scientist, Dept of Molecular Pharmacology & Physiology, Hyperbaric Biomedical Research Laboratory, College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
2013- present: Professor Emeritus, Dept of Physiology & Cell Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.
1976 – 1977: Lady Davis Trust Post-Doctoral Fellow.
1977 – 1978: Fogarty International Center (N.I.H.) USA, Visiting Fellow.
1978 – 1980: Bathsheva de Rothschild Fellow.
1988 – 1991: International Research Council USA, Senior Assoc.
2000 – 2013: Lawrence and Marie Feldman Chair for Neurophysiology, Ben-Gurion Univ.
2002 – Undersea Hyperbaric Medicine Society (USA), Behnke award, for outstanding scientific contribution to the advancement in the undersea biomedical field.
Present Research Interests
Deep diving of humans (deeper than 100 m) is associated with short term, usually reversible, pressure related cognitive, sensory, autonomic nervous system deficiencies, and motor decrements culminating in convulsions and seizures, all termed High Pressure Neurological Syndrome (HPNS). We study helium (hydrostatic) pressure up to 10.1 MPa modulation of action potential properties, synaptic activity, neuronal excitability, and network function (reflexes, rhythmic and respiratory activity) in several invertebrate neuromuscular synapse models, frog peripheral neuromuscular system, various rodents brain slices, and isolated rat medulla and spinal cord preparations. On a molecular level we study pressure response of various proteins such as Ca2+ channels and NMDA receptors expressed in frog oocytes. We use computer neuronal simulations, bioinformatics, mathematical, and physical modeling as well as Molecular Dynamics simulations in interpreting the results. We aim at eliminating HPNS symptoms and gaining insight into deep diving physiology. We hope to enable humans’ exploration and exploitation of deep oceans’ resources.
Retired Head of the Hyperbaric Physiology Research Unit at the Israel Naval Medical Institute
Dr. Arieli obtained his Ph.D. from Tel-Aviv University, completing a post-doctorate at Buffalo, The State University of New York. He lectured in respiration physiology at the Technion Faculty of Medicine in Haifa. His main topics of research are respiratory physiology, oxygen toxicity, and decompression physiology. Dr. Arieli has investigated the environmental factors which affect oxygen toxicity, proposing algorithms for the prediction of pulmonary and central nervous system oxygen toxicity. In the research of decompression physiology, Dr. Arieli has presented a new mechanism underlying bubble formation on decompression. Dr. Arieli has published 114 research papers, and continues to pursue his research at the Israel Naval Medical Institute in Haifa and the Western Galilee Medical Center in Nahariya, Israel.